Couperosis is a condition characterized by impaired circulation in the upper layer of the skin. Stagnation of blood leads to a thinning of the walls of the capillaries due to the heavy load on them. They become brittle and brittle.
Capillaries can burst periodically, and blood coming out of them will be visible under the skin. Most often, rosacea occurs on the forehead, wings of the nose, chin, and cheeks. It is usually accompanied by burning or itching of the skin.
In a more advanced stage, rosacea is characterized by the appearance of a vascular network (telangiectasia), which occurs in the area of capillary damage.
Couperosis is the initial stage of circulatory disorders, and rosacea is already a chronic skin disease. 10 percent of the world's population is affected by this disease. At the same time, the disease is much more common in women, although men are more likely to have complicated forms and the rapid development of symptoms.
At the first signs of circulatory disorders, you should immediately seek help from specialists. After all, it is always easier to treat the initial stages than neglected ones.
Signs of the development of vascular disorders.
Redness of the face
This is the initial stage of vascular disorders called erythrosis. Occurs under certain circumstances and provoking factors. Sometimes there is also its causeless appearance. The wings of the nose, cheeks and chin are the most prone to the onset of the development of the disease. The sensitivity of the skin in these areas increases, it becomes red. A sick person complains of fever, itching, tingling. This state can last from a couple of minutes to two hours. This pathology of the skin on the face can also spread to the neck.
In problem areas, the condition of skin redness is already constantly present. Vascular network and asterisks begin to appear, as well as pigmentation.
This condition resembles a blush or sunburn that does not go away.
The skin becomes thinner, dries up, has a grayish color. On the problem areas, inflammation begins, sometimes they become covered with a rash. The disease progresses gradually and its third stage without treatment occurs 20-30 years after the onset of the pathology.
Causes of the onset and development of rosacea.
Before starting therapy aimed at curing rosacea, it is advisable to find out what could have triggered its occurrence, that is, vasodilatation and loss of elasticity.
As a rule, there are two main reasons: hereditary predisposition and stimulating external factors.
The mechanisms of inheritance of the disease have not been established, but studies conducted by American scientists have proven that in 40% of cases the disease occurs in close relatives of patients.
But if heredity is difficult to change, then special attention should be paid to external factors and, if possible, try to avoid them. Or minimize.
These negative external factors include:
Frequent consumption of alcoholic beverages. Red wine has a vasodilating effect on the skin. This negatively affects the skin of the face.
Eating very hot or spicy food, which leads to capillary fragility.
Sudden temperature changes. People should avoid staying for a long time in an area with an aggressive climate, exclude temperature extremes. This is when, for example, a well-warmed person (after a bath or an intense workout) plunges into cold water.
Ultraviolet rays also have a negative effect on the skin. Direct sunlight or prolonged exposure to a tanning bed destroys the capillaries on the surface of the face.
Aggressive products. These include hot chocolate and coffee. They increase blood flow to the surface of the face.
Stress, emotional swings, nervous breakdowns. They increase pressure and negatively affect blood vessels.
There are also a number of diseases that provoke changes in blood vessels. These include: diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, especially the stomach and duodenum (they occur in 90% of patients with rosacea); endocrine diseases; malfunctions in the immune system; disorders in the blood coagulation system; vegetative-vascular dystonia; skin infections.
What causes rosacea?
Since rosacea is also a violation of blood circulation, but already in a more advanced chronic form, the causes of the disease are the same as in rosacea.
Most often, rosacea appears at the age of 30-40, although scientists have not yet found an explanation for this. After 40 years, the onset of signs of the disease is most often associated with menopause in women. Rosacea after 50 years is extremely rare, as are cases of the disease in childhood.
Methods for the treatment of rosacea and rosacea.
Vascular manifestations on the skin are successfully treated. There are cosmetic procedures that effectively affect dilated and fragile vessels. Even with hereditary pathologies.
Laser treatment of rosacea.
Doctors of FACES Med SPA recommend IPL procedure for effective elimination of rosacea.
The technique is based on the technology of high-intensity pulsed light (Intensive Pulse Light), where the source is a flash lamp that produces light in the wavelength range from 500 to 1200 nm. The wavelength of the light beam depends on the result to be achieved. There are three types of exposure: on the superficial, middle, deep layers of the skin.
With IPL, beams of light are directed to the vascular formations, as a result of which the hemoglobin stagnant in them is destroyed (collapsed), the vascular pattern disappears.
According to a study by Cornell University Medical School (USA), satisfaction with the results of IPL was 92%, while patients underwent a course of five procedures with an interval of 3 weeks between each one. The same studies have shown that with IPL, not only skin defects go away, but also a general rejuvenation of the skin. Thus, the elasticity of the skin increases by 60%, the depth of wrinkles is reduced by 70%, the pores are narrowed by 65%.
IPL also eliminates post-acne, age spots, acne. This additional cosmetic effect is one of the advantages of this procedure.
The IPL procedure is completely safe, painless, does not leave any marks on the skin. Phototherapy does not require a rehabilitation period - it is enough to avoid direct sunlight and sunburn for some time.
To get rid of rosacea, 3-5 IPL procedures are enough with an interval of three weeks.
Mesobotox against rosacea
Botulinum toxin, getting under the skin, begins to affect the hormone serotonin, as well as ion channels responsible for the appearance of many signs of rosacea (the effect of dilated vessels) and its chronic form - rosacea. This allows you to normalize neurovascular disorders and, thereby, reduce the severity of redness and uneven skin relief.
Botulinum toxin also has the ability to reduce the hyperactivity of the subcutaneous vessels and normalize blood microcirculation in them. This leads to a decrease in persistent erythema and a significant decrease in the intensity of redness as a result of sudden flushes of blood to the face, which often occur in patients with rosacea during physical exertion, stress, exposure to hot water, wind, frost and other negative factors.