Updated: Dec 4, 2020
Expression wrinkles are the first signs of skin aging. They are the precursors of static wrinkles. They arise as a result of the activity of the facial muscles during the expression of emotions. A person's facial muscles contract about 15 (!) Thousand times a day.
From such intense work, creases and grooves begin to form on the skin, which at a young age disappear without a trace at rest. After all, the skin in youth is dense, elastic. Collagen fibers in it contract perfectly and return to their original position. However, over the years, regular muscle contraction leaves traces of deep folds and grooves on the face.
With age, there is a violation of the connections of the dermal and epidermal layers and the development of elastosis (wear and dystrophy of elastic fibers). Also, with age, the tone of the facial muscles is disturbed. As a result, in some groups of mimic wrinkles, the tone decreases, while in others, spastic contractions predominate.
What are mimic wrinkles?
Expression wrinkles are inherently dynamic wrinkles (resulting from muscle contraction and disappearing at rest). The first mimic wrinkles appear at a young age, at about 15-20 years old, when significant changes occur in the structure of the skin as a result of hormonal changes. Wrinkles are especially pronounced in people with pronounced facial expressions, who express their emotions too actively. They even say about such people that emotions are written on their faces. Most often, expression wrinkles appear in the forehead, outer corners of the eyes and mouth.
Types of facial wrinkles:
1. Crow's feet (wrinkles at the outer corners of the eyes).
Very often, such wrinkles appear in people with nearsightedness who do not wear glasses. Since the skin around the eyes is very thin and dry, it needs constant hydration. Lack of proper care can cause early crow's feet.
2. Wrinkles of sorrow or so-called puppet wrinkles.
These are the lines going from the corners of the mouth to the chin. These wrinkles give the face a grieving and sad expression.
3. Nasolabial folds.
Lines that also add a few extra years to a person.
4. Expression wrinkles around the mouth.
They can appear in people who often smile, talk a lot, grimace. For example, such wrinkles appear early in artists, representatives of the show industry, political leaders.
Facial wrinkles on the forehead indicate that a person often frowns and expresses surprise.
Factors contributing to the formation of expression lines.
In addition to the natural passage of time, other factors can affect the skin. Some people may develop wrinkles earlier than others.
What contributes to the formation of expression lines?
1. Decrease in skin elasticity and its natural hydration due to deterioration and degeneration of elastic and collagen fibers (occurs with age).
2. Active facial expressions.
3. Spasmodic blood vessels from stress.
4. Increased release of adrenaline into the bloodstream as a result of stress.
5. Excess ultraviolet radiation, which leads to photoaging due to the destruction of intercellular structures and damage to DNA cells.
6. Poor ecology, which directly affects the condition of the human skin.
7. Malfunctions of the hormonal system.
8. Sudden weight loss due to illness or strict diets.
9. Violation of the regime of rest and work, lack of sleep, overwork. Adequate sleep stimulates the production of a hormone that helps to restore collagen, and its absence will lead