Updated: Dec 3, 2020
Expression wrinkles are the first signs of skin aging. They are the precursors of static wrinkles. They arise as a result of the activity of the facial muscles during the expression of emotions. A person's facial muscles contract about 15 (!) Thousand times a day.
From such intense work, creases and grooves begin to form on the skin, which at a young age disappear without a trace at rest. After all, the skin in youth is dense, elastic. Collagen fibers in it contract perfectly and return to their original position. However, over the years, regular muscle contraction leaves traces of deep folds and grooves on the face.
With age, there is a violation of the connections of the dermal and epidermal layers and the development of elastosis (wear and dystrophy of elastic fibers). Also, with age, the tone of the facial muscles is disturbed. As a result, in some groups of mimic wrinkles, the tone decreases, while in others, spastic contractions predominate.
What are mimic wrinkles?
Expression wrinkles are inherently dynamic wrinkles (resulting from muscle contraction and disappearing at rest). The first mimic wrinkles appear at a young age, at about 15-20 years old, when significant changes occur in the structure of the skin as a result of hormonal changes. Wrinkles are especially pronounced in people with pronounced facial expressions, who express their emotions too actively. They even say about such people that emotions are written on their faces. Most often, expression wrinkles appear in the forehead, outer corners of the eyes and mouth.
Types of facial wrinkles:
1. Crow's feet (wrinkles at the outer corners of the eyes).
Very often, such wrinkles appear in people with nearsightedness who do not wear glasses. Since the skin around the eyes is very thin and dry, it needs constant hydration. Lack of proper care can cause early crow's feet.
2. Wrinkles of sorrow or so-called puppet wrinkles.
These are the lines going from the corners of the mouth to the chin. These wrinkles give the face a grieving and sad expression.
3. Nasolabial folds.
Lines that also add a few extra years to a person.
4. Expression wrinkles around the mouth.
They can appear in people who often smile, talk a lot, grimace. For example, such wrinkles appear early in artists, representatives of the show industry, political leaders.
Facial wrinkles on the forehead indicate that a person often frowns and expresses surprise.
Factors contributing to the formation of expression lines.
In addition to the natural passage of time, other factors can affect the skin. Some people may develop wrinkles earlier than others.
What contributes to the formation of expression lines?
1. Decrease in skin elasticity and its natural hydration due to deterioration and degeneration of elastic and collagen fibers (occurs with age).
2. Active facial expressions.
3. Spasmodic blood vessels from stress.
4. Increased release of adrenaline into the bloodstream as a result of stress.
5. Excess ultraviolet radiation, which leads to photoaging due to the destruction of intercellular structures and damage to DNA cells.
6. Poor ecology, which directly affects the condition of the human skin.
7. Malfunctions of the hormonal system.
8. Sudden weight loss due to illness or strict diets.
9. Violation of the regime of rest and work, lack of sleep, overwork. Adequate sleep stimulates the production of a hormone that helps to restore collagen, and its absence will lead to premature aging of the dermis.
Unbalanced diet. Especially if you often eat sweets. Foods high in sugar not only affect weight but also add wrinkles. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables that can replace sugar and help eliminate free radicals. These products are also enriched with antioxidants, which reduce the risk of premature wrinkles.
Smoking - is a very bad habit. Each inhalation of cigarette smoke creates many fine lines around the mouth, especially on the upper lip.
Ways to eliminate expression wrinkles
You can eliminate mimic wrinkles using injection, hardware or thread technologies. It is important to take into account which technologies work best and most effectively fight dynamic wrinkles in a particular area of the face.
For prophylactic purposes, as well as for the first mimic wrinkles, the use of contour plastics or biorevitalization with fillers based on hyaluronic acid is indicated.
Hyaluronic acid not only fills in wrinkles, but most importantly, it moisturizes and renews collagen fibers, as a result of which the quality of the skin improves: it is tightened, thickened, and enriched with moisture. The face looks fresh and youthful. Mesotherapy is an excellent preventive procedure against the appearance of mimic wrinkles - the introduction of "cocktails" of homeopathic preparations, extracts from plants, complexes of vitamins, microelements under the skin.
Another important procedure that helps prevent the formation of mimic wrinkles is plasma therapy. Here, the patient's own blood cells - autoplasma - are used as the main source of youth. Thanks to injections of such platelet-rich plasma, the body receives a powerful stimulus to trigger natural anti-aging processes. In humans, metabolic processes are normalized, blood circulation improves. The process of producing young collagen, elastin, is started, which prevents the formation of wrinkles.
Classic Botox perfectly copes with facial wrinkles on the forehead, between the eyebrows, in the corners of the eyes, above the lips. Botulinum toxin, which is part of such drugs as Botox, Dysport, Xeomin and a number of others, is known to block the neuromuscular transmission of nerve impulses, thus helping to relax the facial muscles and preventing the appearance of all kinds of skin wrinkles.
Another filler of the new generation - Radiesse - will help to remove all traces of past years, fatigue accumulated over the years, to tighten the lower part of the face, to raise the drooping corners of the lips, to erase the "puppet lines". It also produces youthful collagen in our skin, generating natural rejuvenation processes. Radies has a prolonged effect that lasts two or more years. In other words, re-correction will be required after a significant period of time. The choice of this or that drug is made by the doctor depending on the individual characteristics of the patient.
Hydrafacial, microdermabrasion, dermal resurfacing of the skin will remove mimic wrinkles of medium depth.
Laser hardware technology also helps to get rid of expression lines. So, for example, the classic of laser rejuvenation - fractional photothermolysis (Fraxel) removes 100% of crow's feet around the eyes. With the help of special attachments, the doctors delicately smooth the thin, sensitive skin in the eye area. Thermolifting, which works on the principle of radio frequency radiation, will also help to gently tighten the skin around the eyes.
Filament technologies have also proven themselves to be excellent in eliminating expression wrinkles.
The latest generation threads technology is essentially a circular lift without surgery. Threads solve a lot of problems: they completely remove nasolabial folds, chin-cheek wrinkles, tighten the neck, correct the shape of the chin, and raise eyebrows. The introduction of threads provides a circular facelift effect for a long time. At the same time, no scars remain on the face. The procedure is low-traumatic and does not require the use of anesthesia, so the patient does not need a long recovery time.
And, finally, the hit of recent years - Ultherapy: a non-surgical plastic that erases all signs of age-related changes and worries from the face.
Ultherapy is the only treatment in the world with high intensity micro-focused ultrasound technology for powerful skin tightening. It includes both direct skin tightening and subcutaneous fat, facial muscles, collagen and elastin fibers. This lifting gives a pronounced and long-term rejuvenating effect.
Tissue tightening is carried out using focused ultrasound, which has the ability to penetrate to a depth of 4-4.5 mm. This is the level of the SMAS - the superficial musculo-aponeurotic system. It is located under the skin and is connected to it in a single frame.
Ultrasound heats up the subcutaneous layers. When the temperature rises there, the collagen fibers and the connective tissue of the fatty layers thicken. The skin begins to tighten. And in order for the effect to be natural and long-lasting, an internal renewal process begins in the skin.
Altera is a one-time procedure without seasonal restrictions and without a rehabilitation period. After the procedure, the skin renewal process continues for 2-3 months, after which the patient's appearance is radically transformed! The effect of the procedure lasts up to 5 years!